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1606

The first documented landing of a white person on Australian soil by Dutchman Willem Janszoon.

1788

The English arrive to take over and colonise Australia.

1890 - 1950

First Nations people are moved onto reserves and missions.

1920s

Assimilation policies enforced on First Nations people who were seen as not fully First Nations people.

1920s - 1940s

First Nations people were active in setting up organisations to advocate for full citizenship and equal human rights.

1937

First recorded Day of Mourning and Protest to highlight 150 years of white settlement in NSW.

1940s - 1950s

Removal of First Nations children from their families are increased in significant numbers & forced to ‘assimilate.’

1967

Full citizenships granted to First Nations people of Australia after a referendum. First Nations children still removed from their families.

1972

First Nations people are given the right to self-determination, to make decisions about their own lives. First Nations children still removed from their families.

1975

First Nations people are given the right to self-management. First Nations people can manage government projects and funding yet have little say over what they need. First Nations children still removed from their families.

1987 - 1991

Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody begins. It examines deaths of First Nations peoples in custody from 1980 – 1989.

1991

Paul Keating begins the reconciliation movement. Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody releases recommendations to avoid this happening again.

1995

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) report Recognition, Rights and Reform said their consultations across the country found overwhelming support for the recognition of Indigenous Australians in the constitution.

1995

National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families begins.

1997

Report Bringing Them Home of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families released.

2000

More than 250,000 people walk over the Sydney Harbour Bridge calling for reconciliation and recognising First Nations people in the constitution.

2007

Northern Territory National Emergency Response brings significant devastation to First Nations families and their lives. Human rights concerns were raised in response to this intervention.

2008

Kevin Rudd delivers the Stolen Generation Apology in Parliament, for the mistreatment of First Nations Australians.

2008

The first Closing The Gap outcomes to address disadvantages experienced by First Nations people released.

2013

Julia Gillard and Tony Abbott convey support for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Recognition Bill.

2015

Ken Wyatt tables a report on progress towards a referendum on Indigenous recognition in the constitution. Political and Indigenous leaders plotted a path to referendum.

2017

The Uluru Heart Statement is released, a consensus document on constitutional recognition of First Nations people.

2022

Anthony Albanese commits to the Voice referendum at the Federal election.

2022

Anthony Albanese releases the draft document of the constitution modified to recognise First Nations People.

2023

The Voice referendum will be held. What will be the result...?

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